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ERYSIPELAS

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Causes and Symptoms: It is a disease characterised by a diffused inflammation of the skin. The subcutaneous cellular tissues may also become involved and there may be high fever. In a mild form there is only a redness of the skin which feels thickened on which small vesicles may appear.

Erysipelas of the face begins with symptoms of general discomfort. The patient feels languid, drowsy and there is a feeling of chilliness which later develops into fever which may go upto 104oF. Inflammation may start with the tip of the nose; if it is not controlled in time, it may spread to the glottis leading to fatal results. If it attacks the membranes of the brain, the result is almost always fatal.

When the disease is in a severe form, vesicles appear on the reddened inflammed skin and if care is not taken, they may burst and turn into sores. Among infants the causative factor is a sore in the navel and the infection is likely to spread to the mother.



Remedies: The sufferer should be segregated to stop the infection from spreading to others. Two tolas of extract of Rasaut should be steeped in one litre of water overnight and the supernatant water given to the child to drink everytime he feels thirsty. In the case of a suckling infant, the mother should also drink the same water. For local application on the vesicles, a paste of Rasaut and white Sandalwood ground in juice of green Coriander is recommended. If green Coriander is not available water may be used in its place. The leaves of the Cypress tree (Saroo) should be ground in water to form a paste to help relieve the condition.

Regimen: The dietary regimen is the same as in the case of other fevers. The child must be protected against exposure; no cold bath should be given to him. As a matter of fact till the vesicles disappear, no bath should be given to the child: sponging his body should suffice.

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