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Disorder of the Eye

The most valuable gift of God to man is perhaps the faculty of sight; without eyesight life loses much of its charm. It is vital, therefore, to guard the eyes and to preserve their faculty of sight. A person should look after his general health, follow the rules of hygiene and keep his eyes clean by washing them frequently. A simple expedient used in India for centuries is to apply collyrium to the eyes before going to sleep. In the morning the eyes are washed with water and wiped clean. In the hot season the eyes must be bathed in cold water many times in the day. Walking on the dew-covered grass helps maintain eyesight in addition to keeping the health of the person. One must desist from looking directly into the sun and other bright objects; great care should be taken to avoid the reflection of the sun in the water hitting the eyes as it is likely to burn the fundus (the central part of the cornea). Such an injury sustained by looking into sun when it is in eclipse or when it is reflected in the water leads to loss of eyesight in some cases.

If the eyesight becomes weak, glasses should be worn after consulting an eye specialist. Glasses should be worn constantly failing which the errors of refraction (the number of the glasses) goes on increasing. A healthy diet of milk, butter, fruits, green vegetables and proteins should be taken to take greater care of the body and the eyes. Raw carrots contain vitamins which help maintain the healthy eyes and should be taken in adequate quantities.

Dust, smoke, draughts of very cold or very hot winds, bright objects, reading books with a fine print in inadequate light, prolonged exposure to darkness, worry and sorrow are all harmful to the eyes and should be avoided. Constipating or wind-forming foods, alcohol and other intoxicating substances are also harmful and should be avoided.

The eye is a very delicate structure and nature has placed it in a deep, four-sided cavity in the skull, the edges of which are so prominent that a flat object resting on them does not touch the eyeball. The eye, as a consequence, is seldom injured by a blow, unless a sharp object pierces the eyeball. Many of the disorders of the eye can be cured only to a limited extent by the use of home remedies and in many cases, as for example in cataract, surgical interference is necessary. But if the opacity of the cornea (which leads to cataract) is noticed in the early stages of development, it can be handled with internal medicine. The most important thing, however, is to take care of the eyes and attend to the smallest trouble the moment it arises.

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