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Injuries range from foreign bodies lodging themselves in the eye or the ear to fatal injury in a collision of vehicles on the road. In all such cases extreme care is needed to deal with the situation. Take the case of foreign bodies getting into the human ear, nose, eye or the throat. Driven by the force of the wind, a flying moth may lodge itself into the ear. It will continue to buzz in the narrow passage of the ear and will give rise to an extremely annoying sensation. A child may insert a marble into his ear, a few drops of water may get into it as you swim or stand under the shower.

If the foreign body has lodges itself in the ear and is not expelled, it may give rise to swelling and acute discomfort. If the object is pointed and sharp, its further ingress into the ear may injure the drum and lead to deafness; further penetration of any pointed object through the ear into the brain is always fatal.

If the object is not too far inside the ear, it should be held firmly with the help of a pair of tweezers and gently pulled out. In the case of round objects like playing marbles, they should be coaxed out with a match stick. If a moth or a mosquito has lodged itself deeper into the ear, a few drops of sesame or mustard oil should be put into the cavity. Incline the head towards the affected ear and coax out the offending creature with the blunt end of the match stick. The oil will help smother the insect and provide traction for a small round object like a marble. In the case of an inset, hydrogen peroxide should do the trick. The ear should then be washed with tepid water and cleaned with a swab of cotton stuck to the end of a match stick or a tooth pick.

If something gets stuck in the nostril (children have a tendency to stick things up in their noses) a little different procedure has to be followed. Let the person lie down on his back with his head on a pillow so that the nostrils are raised up. Ask the patient to close his mouth and exhale vigorously through the nose. Give him a little snuff, so that a sneeze may be produced. Sudden expulsion of air through the nostril will dislodge the offending object.

In case of the eye, one has to be more careful since it is a very sensitive and delicate part of the body. A piece of straw or a speck of coal dust-as you look out of the window of a running train-will enter they eye. The moment it does, the eye will automatically close. But do not rub the eyes the object may be sharp and will injure the eye ball. Lie down, turn up the eyelid and remove the object by wiping the inside of the lid and the eye ball with a clean, soft piece of cloth. If that does not help, immerse your face in a shallow vessel filled with fresh water and open your eyes. But the object may have gone up the eyeball, in which case it will not come out easily. Drop a couple of drops of ghee in the eye and bandage it with a piece of cotton wool. The object will stick to the exudation from the eye and come out.

In case a burning cinder were to enter the eye, a few drops of castor oil should be put in and a bandage applied. The pain will abate after some hours. If the particle continues to adhere to the eye, it should be removed with the help of a clean piece of cloth and ghee, yolk of an egg or castor oil applied to help the healing of the wound.

If a drop of burning oil or ghee gets into the eye, a wad of cotton wool soaked in a mixture of equal weights of coconut oil and lime water should be placed on the eye. Change the wad after some minutes and continue the procedure till relief is obtained.

A small particle of iron falling into the eye can easily be removed with the help of a magnet. Lime used for whitewashing the house falling into the eye can result in swelling and reddening and can be dealt with by washing the eyes with cold water.

In order to deal with the irritation that continues after the object has been removed from the eye, ghee, white of an egg or a woman's milk should be applied to the eyes.

Children are liable to swallow small objects like coins, playing marbles and pieces of their toys which get stuck in their gullet. If the windpipe is obstructed, the child feels suffocated, his eyes protrude and if immediate relief is not provided, he may die of asphyxia. Such a patient should be suspended upside down and thumped on the back of the neck and the small of the back. If the object does not come out but is small enough to go down the alimentary canal, it should be pushed into the stomach. Swallowing of such an object, unless it contains a harmful substance which can be ingested, should not cause any worry because the gastric acid would take care of it. The object should, normally, be ejected with the stools in three to four days, but if the child shows signs of discomfort, immediate medical aid should be sought.

Adult are sometimes likely to swallow a fish bone which sticks in the throat. If it is not deeply wedged, it can be easily pushed down the alimentary canal by swallowing a banana or a morsel of bread soaked in ghee.

If a thorn or a needle were to get lodged in a part of the body, it should be pulled out by scrapping a little surface of the skin and digging out the offending object with a pin or a needle. The small wound left after the thorn or the piece of the needle has been pulled out, should be coated with tincture of iodine or a little turmeric powder mixed with ghee.

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