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Gynecological Disorders

We shall now deal with disorders which are peculiar to females, the chief of them being connected with menstruation, leucorrhoea (a whitish discharge from the female genitals), diseases connected with pregnancy and childbirth, prolypse of the uterus and infertility and frigidity.

Menstruation is a discharge of blood from the cavity of the womb which occurs at regular intervals of 21 to 28 days. It commences at the age of 12 to 13 years in warm climates and later in cold countries. It stops only when a woman conceives or reaches the age of 45 to 50 years, when it is known as menopause or the grand climacteric. The two main disorders of menstruation are: (i) absence of periods or scanty and painful discharge, for which terms like amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea are used and (ii) profuse bleeding during the periods (menorrhagia) or irregular menstruation (metrorrhagia).

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