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PARALYSIS AND ALLIED PROBLEMS

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Causes and Symptoms: Paralysis, or palsy, means loss of muscular power due to interference with the nervous system. When nerve affections lead to loss of tone or power of the muscles, paralysis is the result. Hemiplegia is the term applied to paralysis of one side of the face and the corresponding arm and leg; diplegia is used to denote total paralysis; monoplegia for the paralysis of a single limb and paraplegia a term used to signify paralysis of both sides of the body below a certain level. Usually the waist. Creeping paralysis is the technical name for locomotor ataxia in which there is a disordered movement of the limbs and progressive muscular atrophy is the name given to wasting paralysis. The disease is classified according to whether it originates from the brain, the spinal cord or the nerves; hence the terms cerebral, spinal and peripheral paralysis.

The most common form of paralysis due to brain disease is hemiplegia. In this the hemisphere of the brain opposite to the side of the body paralysed is affected. It may be caused by hemorrhage in the brain resulting from high blood pressure or by the formation of a clot in the blood (thrombus). Paralysis agitans, Parkinsonism or shaking paralysis are the terms applied to the disease when there are rhythmical tremors in the muscles. It is an affection of advanced age.

Polio or poliomyelitis to give it its technical name is a form of infantile paralysis which attacks children only. It is caused by a virus and allopathy has succeeded in developing a vaccine which, if given in time, grants immunity to the infant. It starts with a fever which generally does not go very high but which ends in the child losing muscles tone usually in the legs. If the virus of polio attacks the lungs of the child, he may die because his lungs are unable to function. If only the spinal cord is affected, the child may lose use of his legs and if the condition is left untreated, the muscles of the leg may atrophy.



Immediately after the attack, the patient should be laid in a comfortable bed in a room free from draught or intense sunlight. If the patient is strong, he should be fasted for a week; in other cases, no food should be given for the first four days. Only water mixed with a little honey (one teaspoonful to a glass) should be given to him to drink. On the eighth or the fifth day he should be given soup of wild pigeon. If a wild pigeon is not available, chicken soup may be given. If he is a vegetarian he should be given soup of Moth daal (split chic pea).

Expert medical help should be sought, but before it becomes available, the following regimen should be adopted:

In case the patient is constipated, an enema should be administered to him. Five cloves of Garlic should be ground and mixed with one tola of honey and given to the patient to lick. One tola each of Dried Ginger (Sonth) ans Sweet flag (bachh) should be finely ground together and mixed with six tolas of honey. Six mashas of the linctus should be given to the patient twice daily.

Remedies: Nux Vomica (kuchla) is a good remedy for paralysis. Fifteen to twenty nuts should be steeped in water for ten to fifteen days, the water being changed every third day. Then the nuts should be cut open and shelled. They should then be mixed with an equal weight of Pepper, finely ground together and mixed with honey and made into pills of the size of Green Gram (Moong). One pill in the morning and one in the evening should be given.

The bark of the root of the Cotton Plant is another god remedy for paralysis. The powder of this bark (six mashas ) mixed with honey and licked twice to three times a day brings relief.

Akasbel leaves should be cooked in steam (they should be placed over a vessel filled with water and placed over a fire) and the hot vapors should be applied to the affected parts of the body. The cooked leaves may be crushed and used as a poultice over the paralyzed limbs.

One masha of the root of the Rough-Chaff Tree (Chirchita) and one grain of Pepper should be ground together in one tola of milk and used as nose drops.

Two chattanks of the leaves of the following seven herbs should be crushed and the juice extracted: () common milk-hedge; () castor oil plant; () dhatura; () gigantic swallow wort (akh); () horse radish (sahinjana); () winter cherry (Asgandh); and () indian wild pepper (Sambhalu). Half a liter of this juice should be added to 250 ml. of sesame oil and the mixture cooked on a fire till only the oil is left. This oil should be used for massaging the affected parts. After the massage cotton wool should be wrapped over them.

In case of facial paralysis flummery made of five tola each of wheat flour, sesame oil and jaggery to which four mashas each of cinammon, dry ginger are added, should be used as a poultice.

Regimen: The blood pressure of the patient suffering from paralysis should be constantly watched; if the cholesterol is high it must be brought down. the patient must avoid intoxicanting substances and remain cool and collected. Any kind of excitement is bad for such cases. The food of the patient must be nourishing but free from fats.




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